Taxila could be a city located 31-km to the west of capital of Pakistan and to the 36-km to the northwest of Rawalpindi off the GT Road. vast serial site that features a Mesolithic cave and therefore the archaeological remains of 4 early settlement sites, Buddhist monasteries, and a Muslim masjid and madrassa. Its prosperity in history resulted from its position at the junction of 3 great trade routes – one from eastern India, second from western Asia and therefore the third from Kashmir and Central Asia.
Taxila, the most center of Gandhara, is over 3,000 years previous. Taxila had attracted Alexander the great from Macedonia in 326 before Christ, with whom the influence of Greek culture came to the present a part of the globe. As this town contains the ruins of Gandhara culture that tells us the story of Gandhara period, that was spiritual center of Budhists and Hindus of that time. Its alternative close neighboring cities embody Hassanabdal, khanpur and Wah. Wah Cantt and Taxila ar populated area. it’s a city with a population of 151000 folks per the 1998 census.
It is currently one among-st the foremost vital archaeological sites in Asia. The ruins of the four settlement sites at Taxila reveal the pattern of urban evolution on the Indian landmass through over 5 centuries. the town was named for Bharata’s son Taksha, its initial ruler. the great Indian epic Mahabharatam was, per tradition, initial recited at Taxila at the great snake sacrifice of King Janamejaya, one among-st the heroes of the story.
For over one thousand years, Taxila remained known as a center of learning Gandhara art of sculpture, design, education and Buddhism within the days of Buddhist glory. There ar over fifty archaeological sites scattered in an exceedingly radius of thirty kms around Taxila. a number of the most vital sites are; Dhamarajika Stupa and monastery (300 BC – two hundred AD), Bhir Mound (600 – 200 BC), Sirkap (200 BC – 600 AD), Jandial Temple (c.250-BC) and Jaulian monastery (200 – 600 AD).
This place is additionally known , as ancient center for learning that features primarily spiritual learning, followed with spiritual learning was arts, law, and military learning. Taxila is known for its handicrafts that not solely reflect the city’s culture however the history of the place moreover. apart from the handicrafts the town’s stone work is additionally very known and alittle cottage industry for stone works has emerged within the city.
Taxila museum is one among-st the foremost known museums in Islamic Republic of Pakistan.The major jewels and statues found within the stupas round the museum aren’t present within the museum. town has its own train station however no airport and therefore the nearest airport lies in capital of Pakistan. Taxila is hierarchic as high traveller destination of Pakistan by AN English newspaper in 2006. Before that, Taxila was additionally declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
The historical significance of town overall has no impact on the lives of the folks of the area, there are not any ruminants of the Buddhist culture within the lives of the natives of Taxila and that they lives ar settled primarily by the Punjabi culture, whether or not these ar their own personal individual lives or their lives in a social capability.
Located at – Taxila, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.