DISTRICT OF TORGHAR WAS FORMERLY KNOWN AS KALA DHAKA AND WAS A TRIBAL AREA IN DISTRICT MANSEHRA. Torghar District, formerly The Black Mountain (Kala Dhaka) is one of the 25 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Formerly a tribal area. Pashto is the main language of Torghar District. People are also conversant in National Language Urdu. English is understood by the educated. The Black Mountain (TorGhar) Tribes have a more certain origin among the people of Mansehra district.
It is bounded on the east by Agror and on the south by Tanawal to the west it is bounded by Buner, to the northeast it borders with Batagram. The range has a length of 25 to 30 miles from north to south and an elevation of 8,000 feet above sea level. This area has also been called Chagharzai, because of adjoining Chagharzai areas of Buner District. Opposite Kala Dhaka across the Indus River is Shangla District, mainly the area belonging to Tehsil Martung.
The Indus washes its northern extremity and then turns due south. Between the river and the crest of the range the western slopes are occupied by Yusufzai Pakhtoons. The rest of the range is held by Swatis tribal group of Pakhtoons. The Black Mountain forms a long, narrow ridge, with higher peaks at intervals and occasional deep passes. The highest peak is known as “Machay Sar” and is visible from Agror and other adjoining areas. Numerous spurs project from its sides, forming narrow gorges in which lie the villages of the tribes. The upper parts of the ridge and spurs are covered with thick forests of pine, oak, sycamore, horse-chestnut, and wild cherry; but the slopes are stony and barren.
Torghar was badly affected by the 2005 Pakistan earthquake, according to a report in Time magazine. Entire villages were devastated; in an instant, stone houses turned into burial mounds. Regions that remain inaccessible have one thing in common fear of the unknown can create legends and stereotypes that spread. TorGhar has not been immune to this. For example, the highway was diverted around this region because engineers were unwilling to be put in rifle range of these tribesmen.